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Таблица (Плакат) - Tenses (Времена английских глаголов) - файл 1.docx


Таблица (Плакат) - Tenses (Времена английских глаголов)
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TENSES

FUTURE TIME

PLANS

PRESENT CONTINUOUS WITH A FUTURE MEANING

An action that we’ve already planned

Ann is arriving tomorrow.

I’m meeting her at the station.

I’m working tomorrow morning.

(BE) + GOING TO + V

An action that we’ve decided to do, or that we intend to do in future

^ I’m going to watch an interesting movie tonight.

She’s going to travel around the world.

I’m going to leave for Europe on Monday.

PRESENT SIMPLE WITH A FUTURE MEANING

TIMETABLES, SCHEDULES

(for example, public transportation, movies)

What time does the movie begin?

The train leaves Boston at 7:25 a.m.

The football game starts at 2 p.m.

The plane takes off at 5 p.m. Tomorrow.

IMMEDIATE FUTURE

BE ABOUT TO DO SMTH”

(BE) + ABOUT TO + V

An activity that will happen in the immediate future, usually within minutes or seconds

Shhh! The movie is about to begin.

^ The phone is ringing. I’m about to pick it up.

FUTURE SIMPLE

WILL + V

Promised future action; WILLINGNESS

Used when we decide to do smth at the time of speaking

Oh, I left the door open. I will go and shut it.

I’m tired to walk home. I think I’ll take a taxi.

That bag looks heavy. I’ll help you with it.

I promise I’ll call you as soon as I arrive.

FUTURE CONTINUOUS


WILL + BE V-ING

An activity that will be in progress at a time in future

^ I will be studying when you come.

At this time tomorrow I will be sitting in class.

When I get up tomorrow morning, the sun will be shining.

FUTURE PERFECT


WILL + HAVE + V (PP)

An activity that will be completed before another time or event in future

^ The children will have eaten all the candy before the party tomorrow.

I will have finished my homework by the time the movie begins.

You will have finished your semester by august.

FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS


^ WILL + HAVE + BEEN V-ING

An activity that will be in progress before another time or event in the future

FOR

By June, I will have been travelling for six weeks.

By the time you come home, I will have been sleeping for 2 hours.

^ When professor Jones retires next month, he will have been teaching for 45 years.





^ PRESENT TIME

PRESENT SIMPLE


VERB/VERB-S

Daily habits or usual activities

Always, almost always, usually, often, frequently, generally, sometimes, occasionally, seldom, rarely, hardly ever, almost never, not ever, never

I usually read the newspaper in the morning.

^ I walk to work on Tuesdays.

General statements or facts

Birds fly. The earth goes around the sun.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS


(BE) + V-ING

^ An activity that is in progress right now.

John is sleeping right now.

I need an umbrella because it is raining.

An action that is in progress in general present, a period around the present: today, this week, this season

I’m reading that book.

PAST TIME

PAST SIMPLE

V-ED

an activity or situation that began and ended at a particular time in the past:

yesterday, last night, 2 days ago, in 2000

^ I walked to school yesterday.

I bought a new car 3 days ago.

Our plane arrived on time last night.

PRESENT PERFECT

HAVE/HAS + V (PP)

an activity that occurred at some unspecified time in the past

already, just, today, this week, yet, since (then)

^ I have already finished my homework.

I have been I Europe many times.

Have you ever eaten at that restaurant?

PAST CONTINUOUS


WAS/WERE + V-ING

an activity that was in progress at a point of time in the past

I was sleeping when the phone rang.

^ I was eating dinner when tom came.

I was walking down the street when it began to rain.

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS


HAVE/HAS + BEEN V-ING

an action continuing in the past until now

FOR, SINCE

They have been driving since 2 pm.

He has been sitting in class for 30 minutes.

They have been talking on the phone for 20 minutes.

You have been studying for 5 hours.

PAST PERFECT


HAD + V (PP)

an activity that was completed before another activity in the past

He had already left by the time she got there.

^ The thief walked in easily, because somebody had forgotten to lock the door.

Yesterday I had returned home before the movie began.

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS


HAD + BEEN V-ING

an activity that was in progress before another activity or time in the past

FOR, SINCE

^ The police had been looking for the criminal for 2 years before they caught him.

He came at 6 pm. I had been waiting for him since 4:30 pm.

Helen had been sleeping for hours when Ann came back.



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