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Lastowka G. et al. Turkmen-English Dictionary - файл dict.doc


Lastowka G. et al. Turkmen-English Dictionary
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parta   r. desk

partisan   r. partisan

partiØa   r. party (political)

partladyjy   fuse

partlama   explosion

partlamak   to explode

pasport   r. passport

passiw   r. passive

pasyl   season

pasyrdamak   1. to soar 2. to wave

pasyrdyr   fluctuation

paº   exposure

paºmak   1. to realize 2. anat. sole (of foot)

pata   blessing

patlamak   to hit, strike

patrak   fried corn

patydyr   stamping

patyºa   kind

paØ   r. portion

paØa   r. by portions

paØawlamak   to finish

paØヘy   shareholder

paØdyrmak   to trample

paØhas   wisdom

paØhasly   wise

paØlamak   to divide

paØlanmak   to be divided

paØlasºmak   to divide

paØtagt   capital

paØyº   abusive

paza   ploughshare

pazyl   feathers, lashes

peヘ etmek   to bake

peヘat   r. seal, stamp

peヘatlamak   to seal, stamp

peヘek   zool. field loach (fish)

peヘenØe   r. cookies

pedal   r. pedal

pedelemek   to package

pekge   dunce, dolt

pel   border

pel ヘekmek   to demarcate

pelle   finish

pellehana   finish

pelte   wick

peltek   mispronunciation

pelteklemek   to mispronounce

pena   covering, defense

penalamak   to defend, shelter

penalanmak   to defend oneself

penje   1. tassle 2. paw

penjek   coat, jacket

penjelemek   1. to snatch 2. to fight, scuffle

penjire   window

pensiØa   r. pension

penºenbe   Wednesday

pent   1. lecture 2. admonition

per   feather

perbaØsyz   indifferent

perde   1. curtain 2. membrane 3. action, activity

peresadka   r. transplantation

perewod   r. translation

perhaØlyk   indifference

perik   spinning wheel

periºan bolmak   to be upset

periºde   angel

perizat   beautiful woman

pero   r. feather

perron   r. platform

pers-ala   shot up, wounded

persona£h   r. personage

personal   r. personal

perspektiv   r. perspective

pert   firm

pes   1. short, low 2. undistinguished

peseletmek   to decrease

peseltme   reduction

peseltmek   to reduce

pesinden   a little at a time

peslemek   to decrease

peslik   n. decrease

pessaØlamak   to land an airplane

peºehorda   sore, ulcer

peºeº   gift

peºew   urine

pet   1. bravery 2. starch

petde   pack, small stack

pete-pet   face to face

petek   anat. inner sole

peteke   crop

pete– etmek   to be tired, fed up with

petilemek   to lock

petir   r. unleavened bread

petiº   stuffy, sultry

petiºlik   stuffiness

petle   r. loop, stitch

petlemek   to stitch up

petretmek   to stare

peØa   r. landscape

peØda bolmak   to emerge

peØda   n. use

peØdalanmak   to make oneself useful

peØdaly   useful

peØdasyz   useless

peØnir   cheese

peØwagtna   1. in one's way 2. idle, aimless

peØwent etmek   1. to inoculate 2. to graft

pŠendeki   "paendeky", a winter melon

pŠhim   reason

pŠhimli   reasonable

pŠk   pure, clean, clear

pŠki   razor

pŠkize   clean

pŠkizelik   cleanliness

pŠklik   honesty

pŠl   intention

pŠlwan   fighter, hero

pŠsgel bermek   to bother

pŠsgelヘilik   obstacles

pianino   r. piano

pianist   r. pianist

pida   sacrifice

pide   haydust

pijama   r. pajamas

pikerdeº   like-minded

pikir   1. thought, idea, opinion 2. intention, purpose

pikir etmek   to think

pikirlenmek   to think

pil   I. elephant II. shovel

pilヘe   shoulder blade

pile   cocoon

pilot   r. pilot

pilotka   r. female pilot

pionir   r. pioneer

pionirlyk   r. pioneer days

pirim   trick, strategem, artifice

pirog   r. cake

piro£ny   r. little cakes

pis   1. bad 2. suffering

pisint oturmak   to like

pislemek   to go bad

pisse   pistachio

pistolet   r. pistol

piºek   crutch

piºik   cat

piºme   r. fried bread

piti   pot

pitiki   n. crack

pitikilemek   1. to click one's tongue 2. to snap one's fingers

pitirdemek   1. to vomit 2. to crawl away

pitne   mutiny, rebellion

pitnesi   rebel

piwa   r. beer

plakat   r. poster, placard

plan   r. plan

planaºdyrmak   r. to plan

planeta   r. planet

planetara   r. between planets

planly   r. planned

planlyk   r. planning

plastilin   r. plasticine

plastinka   r. vinyl record

plaº   r. raincoat

platforma   r. platform

pleØonka   r. film, roll of film

plita   r. 1. slab 2. stove, range

plomwa   r. filling (for a tooth)

plomwalamak   r. to seal, fill in

plug   r. plow

plØa£   r. beach

plØus   r. plus

poヘerk   r. hand-writing

poヘta   mail, post

poヘtalon   r. mailman

podoº   r. anat. sole

podpole   r. n. underground

podpoleヘnyØ   r. adj. underground

podrazdelenie   r. subdivision

podwal   r. cellar, basement

podØezd   r. 1. driveway, entrance 2. porch

poema   r. poem

poeztik   r. poetic

pogon   r. shoulder strap

pokryºka   r. cover, lid

pol   r. 1. floor 2. half 3. sex

pola£hitel   r. affirmative

polat   steel

poliklinika   r. polyclinic

politeknika   r. polytechnic

polk   r. 1. regiment 2. shelf

polkownik   r. colonel

pollamak   1. to lay, spread 2. to pave

polotenste   r. towel

polotno   r. linen

polØak   r. Pole

polØar   r. polar

polØus   r. pole, terminal

pomidor   r. tomato

populØar   r. popular

poroºak   r. powder

porsy   stench, stink

porsyn   r. bed sheet

porºen   r. portion

port   1. brittle, frail, fragile 2. r. port

portfel   r. briefcase

portret   r. portrait

portsiØa   r. portion

portugal   r. Portugal

pos   rust

posly   rusty

possun   fur (coat)

post   r. 1. post 2. fast (religious)

posulka   r. parcel

posØolok   r. settlement

potolok   r. ceiling

potratヘylyk   contract

potratlaØyn   piece (of work)

powest   r. story

powestka   r. summons

pozitsiØa   r. position

pškgi   1. ball 2. chubby, plump

pškremek   to swell

pškretmek   to inflate

praktika   r. practice

predmet   r. object

premera   r. premier

prentsip   r. principle

preparat   r. preparation

pres-konferentisiØa   r. press conference

preslemek   to press

prezent   child, baby

prezi   queen (in chess)

prezident   r. president

prezidium   r. presidium

printsipal   r. of principle

pristan   r. pier, quay

pristawka   r. prefix

priz   r. prize

problema   r. problem

professional   r. professional

professor   r. professor

profsoØuz   r. trade union

prognoz   r. prognosis

programa   r. program

progres   r. progress

progressiw   r. progressive

progul etmek   to shirk

progul   truancy

projhektor   r. searchlight

prokuratura   r. office of the public prosecutor

prokuror   r. public prosecutor

proletariat   r. proletariat

proletor   r. proletarian

propaganda   r. propoganda

propagandirlemek   r. to propagate

propusk   r. omission, blank, absence

prospekt   r. avenue

protest   r. protest

protez   r. artificial limb

protokol   r. protocol

protsent   r. percent

protses   r. process

prowlenie   r. 1. government 2. management, board, administration

prowodnik   r. guide, conductor

prowokatsiØa   r. provocation

proØekt   r. project, plan

proØektirlemek   to project

proza   r. prose

prozaヘi   r. prose writer

pru£in   r. spring, source

puヘ   empty, hollow

pudak   branch, twig

pudaklamak   to branch out

pugta   1. firm, solid, long-lasting, durable 2. serious

pugtalandurmak   1. to consolidate 2. to stabilize

pugtalyk   firmness

pukara   n. poor

pukaralyk   poverty

pul   money

pulemØot   r. machine gun

punkt   r. 1. station, place 2. point, item

punktuatsiØa   punctuation

pursat   time, moment

puºman etmek   to regret, pity

puºman getermek   to compel

puºman   regret, pity

putØowka   r. pass, permit

pŸr   crown

pŸrepŸr   overcrowded, overflowing

pŸrepŸrlemek   to overfill

pŸrkmek   splash, shuffle, sprinkle

pŸrs   1. hollow 2. beam

pØan   drunk

pØure   r. puree

pyヘak   knife, blade

pyヘaklamak   to knife, stab

pyヘgy   saw

pygamber   prophet

pygyl   intention, design, purpose

pykyrdamak   1. to seethe 2. to chuckle, giggle

pylan   a certain, some

pylanヘa   a certain (time, amount)

pylヘamak   to crack, strike

pyntyk   1. bud 2. kidney

pyntyklamak   1. to enlist, recruit 2. to dial (telephone)

py–kyrmak   to leap

pyrlamak   1. to twist, twirl 2. to roll up

pyrlanmak   to twist oneself

pyssarmak   1. to wither, fade 2. to give up hope

pyºbaga   turtle

pyºdyl   turtle

pyºyrdamak   to whisper

pyºyrdy   whisper

pytramak   1. to crumble 2. to disperse

pyØada   by foot

pyØadalamak   to go by foot

pyØaluºka   little cup

pyzmak   to hurl, fling

R


radio   r. radio

radionpryomnik   r. receiving set

radiostantsiØa   r. radio station

radiouzel   r. radio center

radist   r. radio operator

radius   r. radius

rahat   1. peace 2. peaceful; quiet

rahat   peaceful

rahatlanmak   to calm down; subside; become quiet

rahatlyk   rest; repose; peace

rahatsyzlandyrmak   to alarm; disquiet; disturb

rahatsyzlanmak   to be upset; anxious; alarmed

raketa   r. rocket

raport   r. raport

rasヘØot   r. calculation; estimation; settlement of accounts

raspisaniØe   r. schedule

ratsionaヘylyk   r. rationality

ratsionalizator   rationalist

raund   r. round (of a competition)

raØat   nationality; citizenship

raØat- bolmak   to become a citizen

raØdaº   someone in sympathy with others

raØdaºlyk   solidarity

raØon   r. region

razrØad   r. category; class

razwedka   r. 1. geol, prospecting 2. reconnaissance party 3. secret service

razwedkaヘy   r. 1. scout 2. secret service officer, intelligence officer

razØlyk   1. contentment ; satisfaction 2. agreement

razy   1. content ; satisfied 2. agreeable

razy bolmazlyk   disagreement

razy   in agreement with

razylaºmak   1. to make an agreement 2. to forgive 3. to reconcile

razylaºmak   to agree

razylyk   harmony

reaksion   r. reactionary

reaksiØa   r. reaction

reaktiw   r. reactive

real   r. real

realistik   r. realistic

realizm   r. realism

redaksion   r. editing

redaksiØa   r. editorial staff

redaktirlemek   r. to edit

redaktor   r. editor

redaktorlyk   r. editorship

rediska   r. radish

reforma   r. reform

regbi   r. rugby

regbiヘi   r. rugby player

registrasiØa   r. registration

registratura   r. registry

registrirlemek   r. to register

regulirlemek   r. to regulate

regulØar   r. regular

rehim   pity, compassion

rehimdar   generous, compassionate, sorrowful

rehimli   generous, compassionate, sorrowful

rehimsiz   ruthless, heartless, soulless

reje   1. sign, feature, characteristic 2. order, way, conditions

rejelemek   to bring, lead, result in

rejeli   accurate, punctual, neat, tidy

reklama   r. advertisement

rekomendasiØa   r. recommendation

rekord   r. record

rektor   r. president, rector, chancellor

rektorlyk   r. rectorship

rels   r. rails, track

remont   r. repair(s)

   

rende   plane

rendelemek   to plane

rentgen   r. X-ray(s)

re–be-re–   multi-colored

re–k   1. paint 2. color

re–klemek   to paint, color

re–kli   colorful, colored

repetisiØa   r. rehearsal

replika   r. replica

resmi   official, formal

resmileºdirmek   to form, shape, legalize

respublika   r. republic

respublikan   r. republican

restoran   r. restaurant

resurs   r. resource

ret etmek   to deflect, dissuade, reject

retsept   r. recipe

rewolØusion   r. revolutionary

rewolØusiØa   r. revolution

reØs   r. flight, voyage, trip

rezerw   r. reserve(s)

rezhim   r. regime

rezhissØor   r. stage manager

rezin   r. rubber

rezolØusiØa   r. resolution

rŠhnet   1. well-being 2. bliss   

rŠhnetli   blissful

rifma   r. rhyme

rol   r. part, role

rolik   r. roller

rom   r. rhombus

roman   r. novel

rota   r. company

rowa bolmak   to be worthy

rowa   worthy, well-deserved

rowaヘ   successful, good

rowaヘlanmak   to attain success

rowaØat   legend, story

roØal   r. grand piano

ršwºen   radiant, brilliant, light, joyful

ruヘka   r. pen

rugsat   permission

ruh   I. soul, spirit, mood II. r. rook (of chess)

ruh   spirit, soul

ruhlandyrmak   to inspire

ruhlanmak   to feel inspired

ruhubelent   inspired

ruhubelentlik   inspiration

ruhy   spiritual, mental, ecclesiastical, religious

rul   r. steering wheel

rumyn   r. Romanian

rus   Russian

rusヘa   Russian language

rusヘalamak   to speak in Russian

rØadowoØ   1. r. ordinary 2. r. private (class of soldier)

rØukzak   r. rucksack,backpack

S


sabamak   1. to diminish 2. to release, to get rid of 3. to be empty

sabyn   soap

sabynlamak   to wash with soap

sabyr et   "God bless you" (said after a sneeze)

sabyr   patience

sabyrly   patient

sabyrlylyk   patience

saヘ   hair

saヘ šrŸmi   braid, plait

sada   1. simple 2. sincere

sadalyk   simplicity

sadap   button

sag aman   safely

sag    I. health sag bol!=be healthy/thank you! II. right

sag-gurgun   sag-gurgun gezip Øšremek=to be in a good mood, healthy

sagalmak   to recover

sagat   I.healthy II. 1. watch 2. hour

sagatlyk   hour's worth

sagdyn   healthy

sagdynlaºdyrmak   to cure, treat, take care of

sagdyrmak   to make someone milk a cow

saglyk   health

sagmak   to milk

sagry   back of a horse/donkey

sagym   mirage

sagymヘy   milkmaid

sagynmak   to pause, hesitate, delay

sahap   cover

sahna   stage

sahypa   page

sak   vigilant, watchful

saka   divide, watershed

sakar kelle   bald

sakaw   stutterer

sakヘy   watchman

sakgal   beard

saklamak   1. to keep 2. to store 3. to detain 4. to take care of, oversee, act as a guardian 5. to retain 6. to support 7. to keep from someone 8. to make someone do something

saklanan   second-hand

saklanmak   to restrain one's self

saklaØyº   upkeep, maintenence

sakydamak   to tweet sakyrdama!=shut up!

sakynmak   to stutter

sakyrtga   skin burrowing animal, chigger

sal   raft

sala   advice

salam   hi

salamlaºmak   to greet, say "hi"

salat   r. salad

salawmaleØkim   may peace be upon you

saldamly   heavy, ponderous

salfetka   r. napkin

salgamak   to wave, flap

salgy atmak   to find out about

salgylanmak   to refer to, cite

salgym   mirage

salgyt   tribute, payment, tax salgyt tšlemek=to pay taxes

salkym   bunch, cluster bir salym ŸzŸm=a bunch of grapes

salkyn   cool

salkynlamak   to become cool

sallah   bachelor

sallamak   to lower, cast down, drop, hang

sallanヘak   1. crib 2. swing

sallanmak   1. to hang 2. to be hung

salmak   1. to place, put 2. to build jaØ salmak=to build a house 3. iºe salmak=to help someone get a job 4. abraØdan salmak=to dishonor 5.    to pretend not to bilmezlege salmak=to pretend not to know, gšrmezlege salmak=to pretend not to see   

salparmak   to dangle

salpy   dangling

salØut   r. salute

salyhatly   serious

salykatly   to be courteous

salym   one moment bir salym aØak ヘekmek=to stop for one moment

samahylamak   to chatter

saman   straw saman kelle=stupid

sambo   wrestling

samolØot   r. airplane

samramak   to mutter, mumble

samsyk   fool, stupid

samsyklyk   foolishness

samyrdy   mutterings, mumblings

san   1. number 2. amount 3. score 4. cardinal numbers 5. ordinal numbers 6. weight   

san-cyz   1. a great number of something 2. person who has lost his authority, credibility, or honor   

san-sajak   a lot, an exaggerated amount

sanaヘ   1. leather bag 2. bellows

sanamak   to count

sanandarlyk   musucianship

sanaºmak   to talk back

sanatoriØa   r. sanatorium, resort

sanヘmak   to stab with a dagger

sandyk   chest, hope chest

sandyramak   to tremble, shake, shudder

sandyrawuk   trembling, shaking

sani   r. sled

sanitar   r. male nurse

sanjak   safety pin

sanjamak   to prick

sanjy   colic

sanly   counted

sansyz-sanjak-syz   a lot

sa–almak   sa–alyp durmak=to stop numb/ stop dead

sa––yldamak   sandyramak=to shake, shiver

sap   I. 1. cunning 2. shrewdness 3. temptation 4. a row II. 1. pure, clean 2. morally pure III. handle

sap sary   yellowest

sapa   enjoyment, delight, pleasure

sapak   I. thread II. lesson

sapalk   evasion

sapaly   merry, happy, blessed

sapar   I. time indiki sapar=next time II. trip, journey

saplamak   to clarify, purify, leanse

saplanmak   to be cleaned, purified

sapmak   1. to thread a needle 2. to immunize a plant 3. to combine

sar   starling bird

sarag   bandage

saralmak   1. to become yellow 2. to make yellow

saramak   1. to spin 2. to wrap 3. to tie

sarヘ   cowardly

sargamak   1. to confide 2. to order

sargyt   commission, message, mission sargyt etmek=to go on a mission

sarkmak   to drip

sarkyrmak   to make something drip

sarmak   sargamak=1. to confide 2. to order

sarnamak   to mutter, mumble

sarp etmek   to consume

sarpa goØmak   to respect

sarpa   respect

sarsdyrmak   to shove, to shake

sarsgyn   shoving, shaking

sarsmak   1. to shudder 2. to quiver

sarsmaz   indestructible,, untouchable, proud

sary   yellow

sarykmak   to dry

sarymsyk   garlic

saryØag   clarified butter, ghee

saryØagyz   sallow, yellowish

sataºmak   to meet someone

satmak   1. to sell 2. to betray

satyjy   seller

satyn almak   to buy

satynalmak   to sell

sawヘy   machmaker

sawヘylar   matchmaker

sawヘylyk   matchmakerness

saØ   sandbank, shoal

saØgarmak   to distinguish

saØgylamak   to whip

saØhallaºdyrmak   to put in order, organize

saØlama   1. selected, chosen 2. choice

saØlamak   to choose

saØlanan   chosen

saØlanmak   1. to be chosen

saØlaw   election

saØlawヘy   voter, elector

saØlow   election, vote

saØmak   I. 1. to consider 2. to think II. 1. to tousle, churn up 2. to beat up

saØpallamak   to subside, hall, decrease

saØrak   singing saØrak guº=singing bird

saØramak   to sing

saz   I. music, musical II. accurate, intact

sazak   type of tree

sazanda   musician

sazandar   musician

sazヘylyk   adj. music sazヘylyk mekdebi=music school

sazlamak   to make accurate, intact

sazlaºyk   concordant, accordant

sazly   musical, with music

sebŠbi   because

sebŠp   cause, reason

sebŠpkŠr   guilty person

sebŠpli   1. reasonable 2. with an alabi

sebŠpsiz   1. unreasonable 2. without an alabi

seヘek   fringe

seヘekli   fringed

seヘme   bullet

seヘmek   1. to shatter 2. to choose

segezdan   wanderer, vagabond

segsen   eighty

segseninji   eightieth

seh   r. shop, guild

seki   porch

sekiz   eight

sekizinji   eighth

sekmek   to appear, emerge

sekretar   r. seretary

seksiØa   r. section

sekunt   r. second

selヘen   seyØrek=seldom

selヘenlemek   seØreklemek=to diminish, reduce

sele–   1. space 2. coolness

sele–lemek   to go out into coolness

seljermek   to distinguish, determine

selle   turban

sellem    bir sellem=a little bit

sellofan   r. cellophane

sellØuloza   r. cellulose

selpemek   1. to trot 2. to look for

sem bolmak   to pause, hesitate sem bol!=shut up!

semawar   r. samovar, water boiler

semek   to weigh, to hang out, spread out

semelemek   to fumble

sememek   to fumble

sement   r. cement

sementlemek   to cement

seminar   r. seminar

semiz   fat, plump

semizlik   fatness, girth, obesity

semremek   to fatten, gain weight

semretmek   1. to get fat 2. to put on weight

sen   you

senagat   industry

sene   date

senemere ediºmek   to quarrel

senet   1. trade, craft 2. occupation

senetヘi   master, skilled person

senetヘilik   master

seni–ヘe   your way, in your style

senitmeter   r. centimeter

senlik Øš–keme   "you" pronoun

sentner   r. sentner (100 kg.)

sentØabr   September

se–kildemek   to leap

se––er   rampart, bank, wall

se–rik   bridge of the nose

se–se   brain-damaged from and explosion

se–selemek   to faint

se–selik   confusion, bruise

sep   I. 1. seam, joint 2. row, line, file, series II. dowry

sepelemek   1. to shatter 2. to drizzle 3. to spray

sepgil   freckle

sepgit   1. joint 2. hem

sepikdirmek   to cut out

sepikmek   to retreat

sepiºmek   to join, connect

seplemek   1. to join, connect 2. to weld

sepmek   I. 1. to sprawl 2. to fold down II. 1.to sprinkle 2. to shatter

sepºik de– bšlemek   to cut along the grain

serb   r. Serb, Serbian

serヘe   sparrow

serヘi   sparrow

serdar   leader

serenjam   gear, equipment

seresap   careful seresap bol=be careful

seresaply   carefully

seretmek   1. to look at 2. to look after 3. to stare 4. to glare

sereØa   series

sergezdan   bum, vagrant

sergezdanヘylyk   hermitage, state of being a vagabond

sergezdanlyk   hermitage, state of being a vagabond

sergi   exhibition, show

serhet   border

serhetヘi   border guard

serhoº   drunkard

seriºde   means, remedy

serkerde   commander, general

sermek   to spread out

sersag   sober

sersaglyk   sobriety

serzhant   r. sergeant

ses   1. sound 2. voice 3. noise

ses-ŸØn   sounds

seslenmek   1. to be heard 2. to respond

sesli   I. andj. sound, talking II. loud, noisy

sessiØa   r. session

sessiz   1. silent 2. mute

setilemk   to line up, to put in lines, rows

setin   r. satin

setir   1. line 2. row

setka   r. net

seØalka   seeder

seØil   walking, revelry stroll, roam, wander

seØis   horse jockey

seØislemek   to train a horse

seØran etmek   to roam, stroll, wander

seØrek   1. rare, seldom 2. unusual

seØreklemek   to diminish, reduce

sezewar bolmak   to face difficulties and overcome them

sŠginmek   to pause, hesitate, stop

sŠhel   a little, slightly

sŠhelヘe   a liitle, slight

sŠher   dawn

sŠhra   steppe

sŠwlik   occasion

sfera   r. shpere

shema   r. scheme

sifr   r. figure, number

sifrlemek   to count, to figure

signal   r. signal

sil   flood

silindr   r. cylinder

silkmek   1. to shake 2. to brush off

silos   r. hay

siloslamak   to make hay

siltemek   to jolt or shake

sim   wire, clothesline

simap   mercury

simbol   r. symbol

simlemek   to become infected

sindirmek   to digest

sink   r. zinc

sinonim   r. synonym

sintaksis   r. syntax

sintaktik   r. synthetic

sintenjiremek   to fidget

sintez   r. synthesis

sinus   r. sinus

si–dirmek   1. to absorb 2. to digest

si–e   attentively

si–ek   fly

si–mek   1. to be absorbed 2. to be digested

si––itli   1. to be drizzled 2. soft food

sirk   r. circus

sirke   I. lice eggs II. vinegar

sirkul   r. circle

sistema   r. system

sistemleºdirmek   to systemize

sisterna   r. cistern

siºenbe   Wednesday

sitada   r. quotation

sitirlemek   to quote

siØdik   wine

siz   you (pl.)

sizingヘe   your way, as you would (pl.)

skafandr   helmut

sklad   r. storehouse

skulptor   r. sculptor

skulptora   r. sculpture

skwar   r. alley

skwazhina   r. motorized water pump

slawØan   r. Slavic

slesar   r. plumber

slØot   r. congress

smena   r. period, shift

smirno   r. at attention

snaØard   missle

sogan   onion

sogap   good deed

sogurmak   to pull out

sojamak   to gasp

sokgarylmak   to be snoopy

sokjamak   to suck

sokmak   to insert

soky   pestle

soldat    r. soldier

soldatlyk   soldierhood

solgun   pale, faded

solmak   1. to fade 2. to wilt

somsa   r. meatpie

so–   1. later, after, then 2. continuing 3. end

so–abaka   adv. later

so–ky   final, last

so–lamak   to complete, finish

so–ra   later

so–raundan   after

sorag   1. question 2. interrogation

sorag bermek   to question

sorag   question

soragcyz   unquestionable

soramak   to ask, question

soraºmak   to ask someone a question

sorguヘ   tissue paper

sorkuldmak   to throb,beat

sormak   1. to suck 2. to absorb

sort   r. sort, kind, variety

sortdurmak   to be angry

sortlamak   to sort

sosial   r. social

sosialism   r. socialism

sosialstik   r. socialistic

sosiska   r. sausage link

sostaw   r. staff

sowa   by-passed, missed

sowal   question

sowamak   1. to cool 2. to become disinterested

sowat   literacy

sowatly   literate

sowatmak   to become literate

sowatsyz   illiterate

sowatsyzlyk   illiteracy

sowet   r. advice

sowgat   president

sowhoz   state farm

   

sowly   successful

sowmak   1. to consume 2. to divert 3. to urn around 4. to complete

sowsuzlyk   failure

sowuk   cold

sowuk-sala   sloppy

sowukganly   old-blooded

sowukganlylyk   cold-bloodedness

sowuklamak   to catch a cold

sowuklatmak   to give someone a cold

sowuklyk   cold

sowulmak   1. to turn 2. to finish 3. to by-pass, to avoid

sowurmak   1. to have a dust storm 2. to blow money carelessly

soØmak   1. to skin 2. to scratch 3. to cut off

soØulmak   1. to shed hair 2. to flake (skin)

soØuz   union

sšbeºmek   to fight

sšbŸk   hill

sše   supporter (thing)

sšgmek   1. to scold, curse, abuse 2. to swear at

sšgŸnヘ   obsenity, swear word

sšgŸºmek   to quarrel

sšhbet   chat, discussion

sšhbetdeº   conversation partner

sškmek   1. to take apart 2. to rip out a seam 3. to plow 4. to reinvestigate

sškŸlmek   to rip out a seam

sšlpi   absent-minded, sloppy

sšmelmek   to be dumb-founded, numb

sšndŸrmek   to extinguish, turn off the light

sšnen   extinct

sšnmek   to fade

sšw-sšw   with syryp Øšremek=to hang out

sšwda   commerce, trade

sšwda etmek   to make a trade

sšwdagar   trader, merchant, businessman

sšwdalaºmak   to bargain, haggle

sšweº   battle

sšweºjen   militant, energetic

sšweºlyk   militancy

sšweºmek   to fight

sšwmek   to swear (curse)

sšwŸt   willow

sšØemek   to lean

sšØenmek   to be leaning

sšØget   support

sšØgi   love

sšØguli   favorite

sšØli   favorite, beloved

sšØmek   to love

sšØnji   gift to the bearer of good news

sšØnmek   to be happy

sšØŸºmek   to love one another

sšz   1. word, introduction 2. conversation 3. speech 4. promise

sšzbaºy   preface, title

sšzlem   sentence

sšzlemek   to speak

sšzleºmek   to arrange

sšzlŸk   dictionary

sšzlŸklik   little dictionary

sšzso–y   preposition

spartakiØada   r. olympics

spasiba   r. thank you

spektakl   r. spectile

spesalist   r. specialist

spirit   rubbing alcohol

spisok   r. the least

sport   r. sport

sportmen   r. sportsman

sprawka   r. permission

spwa£ga   1. pocket money 2. reason

stadion   r. stadium

stakan   r. glass

stanok   r. loom

stansiØa   r. station

starºina   the oldest in the group

start   r. beginning (n.)

stazh   r. tenure

sterzhen   r. ink cartrige

stil   r. style

stol   r. table

strahowanie   r. insurance

student   r. student

studentlyk    studenthood

stul   r. chair

subut bolmak   to be proven

subut etmek   to prove, make clear

subutnama   proof

sud   r. court

sudlaºmak   to sue

sudur   outline

sudØa   judge

sugun   deer

sugunヘylyk   raising deer

sumat bolmak   to disappear 2. to disguise 3. to conceal

sumka   r. bag

sungat    art

surat   1. picture 2. photographg

suratヘy   artist

suratlandyrma   description

suratlandyrmak   to depict, describe

suraty   illustrated

surnukmak   to suffer, to be tortured

susak   ladle

susguヘ   shovel

susmak   to scoop

sustupes   exhausted, frustrated

suºilka   dryer

suw   1. water 2. watery

suwag   stucco plaster

suwamak   to plaster

suwarmak   to water

suwarym   watering

suwasty   underwater

suwjarmak   1. to soak 2. to sentimentalize over

suwlamak   to spray

suwsamak   to be thirsty

suwuk   thin, fluid

suwuklyk   liquid (n.)

suwulヘu   sprayer

suwulgan   lizard

sŸbce   broom

sŸbcelemek   to sweep

sŸem barmak   pointer finger

sŸlヘhi   detective

sŸle   oats

sŸlenmek   to crown, swarm

sŸlgŸn   phesant

sŸllermek   to fade

sŸllŸmbaØ   to be wet, to be soaked

sŸlŸk   leech

sŸmek   earlobe

sŸmgŸrmek   to blow one's nose

sŸmmek   to creep into, get into

sŸmmŸl   stalk

sŸmsŸnmek   to walk, stroll

sŸnbŸl   stalk of wheat

sŸnnet   circumcision

sŸ–k   bone

sŸpŸrmek   1. to sweep 2. to wipe

sŸrヘek   ice-crusted, slippery

sŸren   den, cave, lair

sŸrgŸn etmek   to exile

sŸrgŸn   exile

sŸri   1. herd, flock 2. group, crowd

sŸrmek   1. to drive 2. to till

sŸrtenmek   to rub

sŸrtmek   to rub in

sŸrŸgi   driver

sŸrŸm   tillage

sŸsdŸrilmek   to run into something

sŸsmek   to butt, gore

sŸtem   pressure, oppression

sŸtŸk   fur

sŸtŸkli   furry

sŸtŸn   column, pillar

sŸu goºamak   to feel sick 2. to be numb

sŸu   organism, constitution

sŸØdemdirijiler   animal

sŸØgeºik   swampy, marshy

sŸØgeºiklik   swamp, marsh

sŸØjemek   to be sweet

sŸØji   1. sweet, sugary 2. fresh water 3. pleasant 4. sweets, candy

sŸØjiヘil   sweet tooth

sŸØkemek   to rub, grate

sŸØkenmek   1. to rub, itch oneself 2. to pester, annoy

sŸØndŸrmek   1. to stretch out 2. to extend, prolong

sŸØnmek   1. to stretch out, recline 2. to extend

sŸØpent   rudder, wheel, handle bar

sŸØremek   to pull out

sŸØrenjen   to be at the end

sŸØrenjiler   reptiles

sŸØrenmek   1. to creep, to crawl 2. to be at the end

sŸØri   oblong

sŸØºmek   to move

sŸØºŸrmek   to move something

sŸØt   milk

sŸØtdeº   native, own, blood, true

sŸØtli   milky. dairy

sŸØŸm   fiber

sŸØŸºmek   1. to move 2. to move forward

sŸzguヘ   filter

sŸzme   yogurt

sŸzmek   to strain, filter

sŸzŸlmek   1. to wear out 2. to stick togehter, close eyes from fatigue

syヘan   mouse

syヘramak   1. to spray, splash 2. to stand on someone's feet suddenly (?)

syヘratmak   to splash, spray

sygmak   to find room

sygym   capacity

sygyr   cow

sygyrmak   to whistle

syhalamak   to slice, cut with a sharp edge

syk   thick, density

syklyk   density

sykmak   to squeeze, press

sykyklyk   whistling

sylag   1. respect, honor 2. gift 3. reward

sylamak   to respect

sylaºyk   mutual respect

syn etmek   to stare, observe

syn   survey, review

syn-syn   on end (as hair)

synag   test, trial

synamak   to test, experience, undergo, try, attempt

synanmak   to try, attempt

synanyºyk   attempt

synヘgamak   to pick, poke

synヘgylawuk   hiccup synヘgylawugy– tutmak=to hiccup

synヘy   1. alert, shrewd, sharp 2. surveyor, reviewer

syndyrmak   to destroy, abolish, annul

synlamak   to watch, observe

synmak   to abolish

synp   class, caste

synpy   class (struggle)

synthetika   r. synthetic

sy–ral   hoof

sypal   straw, thatch

sypalamak   to smooth, to pet

sypalga   reason, cause

sypa–-serme–   sypa–-serme– etmek=to be haughty, to spoil (a child)

sypat   I. 1. appearance 2. quality II. adjective

sypatlandyrmak   to depict, describe

sypaØヘylyk   politeness, courtesy

sypaØヘylykly   courteously , with courtesy

sypaØy   1. courteous 2. elegant

sypdyrmak   1. to miss, let go, let escape 2. to miss 3. to say something accidentally

sypjyrmak   to scratch

sypjyryk   scratch

sypmak   1. to release, escape 2. to get rid of 3. to make a mistake

sypynmak   to have free time

sypyrmak   to peel, tear off

syr   secret, mystery

syramak   I. to circle, whirl, spin (sand or snow) II. to sew a blanket, to quilt

syrat   appearance, figure

syratly   slender, slim

syrヘa   enamel

syrdambitin   unspoiled

syrdaº   favorite

syrgyn   I. blizzard, snowstorm II. row of houses

syrkaw   1. ill 2. ill person

syrkawlamak   to fall ill, to ache

syrkawlyk   disease, illness

syrkyramak   to ache

syrly   weird, mysterious

syrma   knot, noose

syrmak   1. to sweep 2. to shave

syrt   1. backside 2. bottom (anatomical)

syrtartmak   to grin, jeer

syrtky   back (adj.)

syryk   pole

syrykdyrmak   to divert one's attention, to digress

syrykmak   to flow, leak, stream

syrylmak   diffused, to diffuse (?)

syØa   ink

syØahat etmek   to travel

syØahat   trip, journey, travels

syØahatヘy   traveller

syØasat   politics, policy

syØasatヘy   politician

syØasy   political

syzlamak   to ache, throb

syzmak   I. 1. to feel 2. to have a premonition II. to ooze

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