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Лекции - AutoCAD - файл Лекция 1_Система AutoCAD.doc


Лекции - AutoCAD
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содержание

Лекция 1_Система AutoCAD.doc


1 AutoCAD. , 3

2 AutoCAD 5

3 6

4 AutoCAD 8

5 13

AutoCAD. ,
AutoCAD Autodesk 80- .

: Pentium 133 , 32 ( 64 ), 1 200 100 , . Windows NT 4.0 Windows 9.

:^ (File), ?? (Edit), (View), (Insert), (Format), (Tools), (Draw), (Dimension), (Modify), (Window), (Help) .

( ), ( , , ). .

^ (Model), 1 (Layout1), 2 (Layout2). . . Model).

, , ( ) AutoCAD. . , : (Command:), .

, : (SNAP),^ (GRID), OPTO (ORTHO), - (POLAR), (OSNAP), - (OTRACK), (LWT), (MODEL). . <F6>.

. "" .



^ (View) \?? (Toolbars...).

, , . <Enter>, AutoCAD . <Enter> , , ?, ?, <Del> ( ), <Backspace> ( ).

: (Command:) <Enter>, AutoCAD . , <Esc>.
... (Open...) (OPEN), ^ ?? (Select File). (Select File) , . (Preview), ... (Search...), (Locate). (Open as read-only).

^ ... (Partial Open...), , - . , (Partial Open), . .

^ ... (Save As...). , : (Save as type:), , AutoCAD 2000:

DWG 14- 13- AutoCAD, ( dwt), DXF ( , dxf) 2000-, 14-, 13- 12- AutoCAD.

... (Export...) ( ) AutoCAD : wmf, sat, sti, eps, dxx, bmp, 3ds.

File\New, (Format\Drawing limit) .



AutoCAD . (Options), \... (Tools\Options...)

(Options) (Options), :

  • (Files)

  • (Display)

  • / (Open and Save)

  • (Plotting)

  • (System)

  • (User Preferences)

  • (Drafting)

  • (Selection) (Profiles)

(Files) , (, . .), , . .

^ (Display) AutoCAD .

/?? (Open and Save , , .

^ (Plotting) .

?? (System) .

(Drafting) .

^ (Selection) .

?? (Profiles) (Options) arg.
AutoCAD
AutoCAD : (SNAP),^ (GRID), OPTO (ORTHO), - (POLAR), (OSNAP), - (OTRACK), (LWT), (MODEL). , () .

(SNAP) <F9> ( ).

(GRID) <F7> . , (SNAP).

(ORTHO) . , AutoCAD .

- (POLAR) <F10> (ORTHO) ( , ).

(OSNAP) <F3> . , AutoCAD .

- (OTRACK) <F11> AutoCAD , .

(LWT) . , .

(MODEL) . (Drafting Settings), \ ... (Tools\Drafting Settings...), ... (Settings...) , , ( ^ (ORTHO), (LWT), (MODEL)).

(Drafting Settings), . 2.13, : (Snap and Grid), (Polar Tracking) (Object Snap). , .

^ ?? (Snap and Grid) , .

, (F9) (Snap) (F7) (Grid) ( ).

(Polar Tracking) .

^ ?? (Object Snap) .

:

  1. .

  2. , : 65,113.24

  3. , : @50,25

, ( "@"), +50 (. . 50 ) Y +25 (. . 25 ).

  1. , : @33.5<45

"<", . , .

  1. .

(Standard), (Object Snap). , . <Shift> .

  • (Temporary Tracking Point) ;

  • (Snap From) () ;

  • (Snap to Endpoint) ;

  • (Snap to Midpoint) ;

  • (Snap to Intersection) ;

  • (Snap to Apparent Intersection) ;

  • (Snap to Extension) ;

  • (Snap to Center) ;

  • (Snap to Quadrant) ( , 0, 90, 180 270 );

  • (Snap to Tangent) :

  • (Snap to Perpendicular) ;

  • (Snap to Parallel) ;

  • (Snap to Insert) , , ;

  • (Snap to Node) ;

  • (Snap to Nearest) ;

  • (Snap to None) ;

  • (Object Snap Settings) .


^
, . , (Standard) (Pan Realtime) (Zoom Realtime).

<Esc> <Enter> . , : (Exit), (Pan), (Zoom), (3D Orbit), (Zoom Window), (Zoom Original), (Zoom Extents), (Pan) . , , (PAN), , , .

, . ( "") , . . , , . , , . . , . . <Esc>, <Enter> .

(. . ) (ZOOM).

( ):



  • (Zoom Window)

  • (Zoom Dynamic)

  • (Zoom Scale)

  • (Zoom Center)

  • (Zoom In)

  • (Zoom Out)

  • (Zoom All)

  • (Zoom Extents)

(Extents) , () .

^ (All) ?? (Extents), , . , .

^ (Center) AutoCAD , .

?? (Dynamic) . ^ ?? (ZOOM All), ( ) ( ), . . , , <Enter> ( ).

(Previous) , AutoCAD. , . . .

(Scale) (). (Center), (), . ( ), ( ). X, (), , . (),

^
, AutoCAD . .

: , , (), , , , , , .

: , , , , , , , , .

LINE.

(Specify first point:)

(Specify next point or [Undo]:)

:

(Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:)

.

<Enter> , LINE , . <Enter> , (, ), , :

, , . :

(No line or arc to continue. Specify first point:)

, , (, ), AutoCAD . .. , . , , . , , AutoCAD , , :

: (Length of line:)

POINT

DIVIDE . (Draw)/ (Point)/ (Divide).

: (Select object to divide:)

[]: (Enter the number of segments or [Block]:)

DIVIDE , .

, , MEASURE. Draw/Point/Measure

: (Select object to measure:)

[]: (Specify length of segment or [Block]:)

AutoCAD , , (. . ) .

, .

RAY.

: (Specify start point:)

AutoCAD ,

: (Specify through point:)



XLINE.

[////]:

(Specify a point or [Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]:)

: (Specify through point:)

: (r); (Ver); (Ang): , (Bisect); (Offset).

Ang :

(0) [ ]: (Enter angle of xline (0) or [Reference]:)

. :

: (Specify second point:)

(Reference), :

: (Select a line object:)

, .

(Bisect) , , , () . :

: (Specify angle vertex point:)

: (Specify angle start point:)

: (Specify angle end point:)

(Offset) , , . :

[] <1.0000>:

(Specify offset distance or [Through] <1.0000>:)

, , ().

: (Select a line object:)

, . :

: (Specify side to offset:)



CIRCLE.

AutoCAD :

[/2/ ( )]:

(Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:)

, , :

[]: (Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]:)

(Ttr) , . .

, :

(Specify point on object for first tangent of circle:) :

, :

(Specify point on object for second tangent of circle:)

: : (Specify radius of circle:)

, . , .

^ (ARC).

[]: (Specify start point of arc or [CEnter]:)

[/]:

(Specify second point of arc or [CEnter/ENd]:)

, :

: (Specify end point of arc:)

(CEnter), AutoCAD :

: (Specify center point of arc:)

[/ ]:

(Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]:)

:^ (Angle) ?? (chord Length). (Angle) :

: (Specify included angle:)

.

(chord Length), :

: (Specify length of chord:)

, ( ). .



, . (, ).

PLINE.

: (Specify start point:)

. :

0.0000 [/////]:

(Current line-width is 0.0000 Next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwdth/Length/Undo/Width]:)

[/////]:

(Next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/'Undo/Width]:)

, , , . :

  • Close , ( (PLINE));

  • Width ( );

  • Halfwidth , (. . 10, , , 5);

  • Length , , ;

  • (Undo) (PLINE);

  • (Arc) .

(^ (Arc)) AutoCAD :

?? [////
/////]:


(Specify endpoint of arc or [Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Rndius/Second pt/Undo/Width]:)

(ARC).

:

  • , (, );

  • ;

  • ( . .).

. , . (EXPLODE), (Modify)

, . .

^

AutoCAD , , .

(RECTANG).

[////]:

(Specify first comer point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]:)

(RECTANG):

  • (Chamfer) , ;

  • (Fillet) ;

  • (Width) , .

(POLYGON) , . .

<4>: (Enter number of sides <4>:)

[]:

(Specify center of polygon or [Edge]:)

[ / ] <>:

(Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] <I>:)

(I) , () .

: (Specify radius of circle:)

(DONUT) , .

<10.0000>: (Specify inside diameter ofdonut <10.0000>:)

( ) , . :

<20.0000>: (Specify outside diameter ofdonut <20.0000>:)

, AutoCAD :

<>: (Specify center of donut or <exif>:)



, , . , , 2 16. : , , .

(MLINE).

(). , . , , , . AutoCAD :

: = , = 20.00, = STANDARD

(Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 20.00, Style = STANDARD)

[//]:

(Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:)



(TEXT) (). , .

TEXT.

: "Standard" : 2.5000

(Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2.5000)

( , .). ( ) Standard. , AutoCAD

[/]:

(Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]:) <2.5000>: (Specify height <2.5000>)

(

<0>: (Specify rotation angle of text <0>:)

: (Enter text:)

(, ) , , :

  • %%nnn nnn (, %%048 048, . . "0");

  • %% / ;

  • %%u / ;

  • %%d "";

  • %% - "";

  • %% ;

  • %%% "%".

. .

(J):

[///// ////////]:

(Enter an option [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR]:)

(Right), :

: (Specify right endpoint of text baseline:)

, .

((BL), (), (MR), (TR) . .) (Bottom), (Middle), (), (Left), (Center), (Right).

(Align) (Fit) . (Align) AutoCAD , , , . (Fit) , , AutoCAD , .

() ( ).

: "Standard". : 2.5 :

(Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2.5 Specify first corner:)


[// ///]:


(Specify opposite comer or [Height/Justify/Line spacing/Rotation/Style/Width]:)

^ ?? (Multiline Text Editor), . . (Symbol) . .

. ( AutoCAD) ( Windows).

.

"", "I", "U".

. .

.

(Symbol) (, , -). txt, rtf ... (Import Text...).

(Properties) :

  • (Style) ;

  • (Justification) ;

  • (Width) ;

  • (Rotation) .

^ ?? (Line Spacing) (, , ), / (Find/Replace) .



ELLIPSE.

[/]: (Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]:)

: (Specify other endpoini of axis:)

[]: (Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]:)

(Rotation), , XY (, ) . : 089,4 ( , ).

^ (Center)

: (Specify center of ellipse:)

: (Specify endpoint of axis:)

, ( []: (Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]:)).

^ (Arc).

[]:

(Specify axis endpoint of elliptical arc or [Center]:) :

: (Specify other endpoint of axis:) :

[]: (Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]:)

[]: (Specify start angle or [Parameter]:)

( , ). :

[/ ]:

(Specify end angle or [Parameter/Included angle]:)


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